In Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) three primary states of mind are presented: wise mind, emotion mind and reasonable mind. In this video I’ll explore the qualities of each state and watch until the end of this video as I provide three DBT exercises for connecting with wise mind.


0:00 Introduction
0:26 What is emotion mind?
1:45 What is reasonable mind?
2:45 What is wise mind?
3:33 Wise mind exercise one
4:46 Wise mind exercise two
5:26 Wise mind exercise three


When you are in emotion mind you make judgements or decisions based solely on how you feel. You are governed by moods, feelings and urges to do or say things. When completely in emotion mind facts, reason and logic are not important so your thoughts and judgements can become distorted, this can make it really difficult to make healthy and balanced decisions about your life.
There are various factors that make you vulnerable to emotion mind including not sleeping, drugs, alcohol, illness, hunger, over eating, poor nutrition and stress. Experiencing emotions is not a bad thing, it’s great to feel love, joy and excitement. Emotions enable you to experience fulfilling relationships with others and can fuel hard work towards a worthy cause. Problems occur when emotions control you and cause you to act impulsively which can lead to conflict with others.


When operating from reasonable mind, you view the world rationally and pay attention to facts, logic and pragmatics. How you feel doesn’t matter and how others feel doesn’t matter because you’re looking for the hard facts.

Reason and logic is helpful for problem solving and planning. It’s reasonable mind that has enabled us to create technology, medicine, science, mathematics and so forth. But too much rational thinking can be a problem as you favour logic over emotion. So emotions such as love, hate and guilt become irrelevant as you are ruled by facts, reason and logic. If reasonable mind is too dominant it can be difficult to make friends or have a partner as relationships demand a sensitivity to other people emotions.


Wise mind results is the synthesis of both emotion mind and reasonable mind but it’s also more than this. Wise mind also includes intuition and inner wisdom. Inner wisdom is the ability to access and then apply knowledge, experience and common sense to a situation. So wise mind is the integration of all ways of knowing, knowing by observing, knowing my analysing logically, knowing by noticing a feeling in the body, knowing by what you do and knowing by using intuition. Wise mind enables you to make the right decision and take the best course of action and remember we all have the ability to be wise but sometimes we can struggle accessing it.


Mindful Breathing:
The Body Scan:

More mediations can be found on my Meditations playlist here:


Teresa Lewis is a Senior Accredited psychotherapist with the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (MBACP Snr. Accred). Qualified in 1995, Teresa holds a masters degree in counselling and psychotherapy and is also mindfulness teacher. Teresa is the founder and Director of Lewis Psychology which is the only organisation in Wolverhampton to gain BACP organisational accreditation. Teresa is also the founder and Director of Lewis Psychology Online which offers online counselling and psychotherapy treatment.


Lewis Psychology
62-70 Tettenhall Road
United Kingdom

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