Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) teaches clients Emotional Regulation Skills to manage their moods, emotions and thoughts. DBT helps to regulate not only the relationships we have with ourselves, it also helps us regulate the relationships with others by learning DBT Interpersonal Effectiveness skills. It also provides the maintenance DBT skill of Mindfulness to help clients maintain and regulate their wellbeing. DBT Distress Tolerance skills are the lifeboat skills that clients deploy when feeling overwhelmed by powerful and often destructive urges and intense emotions.
Aim of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
DBT will help you learn skills that can help you regulate your emotions, problem behaviours and maintain relationships. DBT has four core modules:
- Emotional Regulation – DBT can help us to learn how to develop skills to help manage our emotions when they become overwhelming and out of control, clients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) often feel like they are living on a roller coaster ride and have little control over their feelings and emotions. The Emotional Regulation skills will help you develop a more balanced approach to emotions and feelings.
- Interpersonal Effectiveness – Clients learn how they can get their needs met more effectively, how to maintain relationships and have a healthy relationship with themselves. Your DBT Therapists will teach you the skills you need to be able to regulate relationships, the will help you look at different ways to ask for what you need in relationships and how to say ‘No’ by learning how to set boundaries.
- Mindfulness – There has been plenty of research that has shown that practicing mindfulness can be a very effective way of metabolising distress and relieving stress levels. DBT mindfulness can help relieve stress, help one to feel more grounded and centered. Mindfulness skills will bring you back into the moment so you can respond in a more effective manner to what is happening in the present moment.
- Distress Tolerance – When a person is vulnerable to being emotionally triggered it can feel exhausting and hopeless, with the DBT Distress Tolerance skills clients are able to learn highly effective skills that help them manage the extremes of emotional dysregulation.